ME 1004 NUCLEAR ENGINEERING Questions Bank 2014

Anna University, Chennai

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SRIIVASAN ENGINEERING COLLEGE, PERAMBALUR-621 212

ME 1004 NUCLEAR ENGINEERING UNIT I NUCLEAR PHYSICS

PART B [16 MARK QUESTIONS]

1. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power.

2. Discuss the elementary treatment of an atom.

3. State the law of mass energy equivalence and calculate the energy in kW

likely to be produced by one gram of matter taking light velocity as 3 x

108 m/sec. [Anna univ. Nov’07]

4. Write short notes on nuclear potential.

5. Explain in nuclear binding energy? How is it measured?

6. Define ‘half life’, ‘mean life’ and ‘decay constant’. [Anna Univ. Nov’07]

7. Explain the concept of elastic scattering and discuss how inelastic scattering differs from elastic scattering.

8. Write a brief note on ‘neutron interactions’ and ‘cross sections’. [Anna univ. Nov’07]

9. Explain the various methods of determining cross section.

10. Write short notes on types of scattering cross section.


UNIT II NUCLEAR REACTIONS AND REACTION MATERIALS PART B [16 MARK QUESTIONS]

1. Explain the nuclear fission process with help of a neat sketch.

2. What is chain reaction? How it is maintained? What is the difference between controlled and uncontrolled chain reaction? Explain with neat sketches and with examples. [Anna Univ. Dec’04 & Nov’07]

3. Discuss how the nuclear chain reaction is sustained.

4. Write short notes on critical mass and nuclear composition.

5. Explain the nuclear fuel. [Anna Univ. Apr’05]

6. Explain the gas centrifuge method of enrichment.

7. Describe in situ leaching of uranium.

8. Write short notes on: [i] Nuclear fuel cycles and its characteristics.

[ii] Uranium production and purification. [Anna Univ. Dec’04 & Nov’07]

9. Explain clearly [i] Nuclear fuel cycle with a neat sketch, and

[ii] Spent fuel characteristics. [Anna Univ. Dec’04 & Nov’07]

10. Draw and explain a solvent extraction equipment. [Anna Univ. Dec’04 & Nov’07]

1


UNIT III REPROCESSING

PART B [16 MARK QUESTIONS]

1. Explain the characteristics of spent nuclear fuel. [Anna Univ. Nov’07]

2. Explain the working principle with a diagram of solvent extraction equipment used in nuclear industry. [Anna Univ. Nov’07]

3. State the role of extraction in nuclear reprocessing.

4. Write a brief note on types of nuclear fuel cycle.

5. Explain the process of FLOUREX.

6. Write a short notes on the following processes for the extraction of fissile materials from spent nuclear fuel:

[i] UREX [ii] TRUEX

[iii] MOX [iv] PYRO

7. Explain the principle of extraction.

8. Explain the extraction of uranium and plutonium extraction form spent fuel using PUREX method.


UNIT IV NUCLEAR REACTORS

PART B [16 MARK QUESTIONS]

1. With a neat sketch explain the boiling water reactor power plant. [Anna univ. Dec’05]

2. Write short notes on need of nuclear energy.

3. Describe the boiling water reactor with the help of neat sketch and explain its chief characteristics. [Anna Univ. Dec’07]

4. Explain with a neat sketch the indirect gas cooled reactor. [Anna Univ. Dec’05]

5. Explain the construction and working of CANDU reactor.

6. Write short notes on the following: [i] Boiling water reactor

[ii] Fast breeder reactor. [Anna Univ. Dec’04]

7. Explain the principle of operation of a sodium graphite reactor. [Anna Univ. Apr’05]

8. Explain the principle of operation of a Lead-bismuth reactor.

9. Discuss the advancement in nuclear reactors.

10. Write short notes on reactor shielding.


UNIT V SAFETY AND DISPOSAL

PART B [16 MARK QUESTIONS]

1. Explain the criteria for nuclear safety system. [Anna Univ. Nov’07]

2. Discuss about the safety measures adopted in modern nuclear plants.

[Anna Univ. Nov’07]

3. Explain with a neat diagram the disposal of low level solid nuclear wastes. [Anna Univ. Nov’07]

4. Explain about the effects of nuclear radiation on parts of human beings.

[Anna Univ.’07]

5. Discuss about the reasons for nuclear accidents classified based on the source.

6. Explain about the nuclear safety inspections.

7. Explain about the nature of wastes generated from each stage of nuclear fuel cycle.

8. Explain with a neat diagram the disposal of high level solid nuclear wastes.

9. Explain about the disposal of gaseous nuclear wastes with a diagram.

10. Write a short note on plutonium bomb.