Anna University–Chemistry 1–January 2010 Question Paper


Regulations 2008

First Semester

Common to all branches (except Marine Engg)


Time: Three Hours

Maximum: 100 Marks

Answer ALL Questions

Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

1. Calculate the hardness of a water sample containing 2.4 mg of calcium chloride i n

500 ml of water.

2. What is calgon? How does it function in water treatment?

3. Why thermosetting plastics can not be remoulded?

4. What i s the role of sulphur in the vulcanization of rubber?

5. Compare absorption a nd adsorption.

6. Mention any four applications of adsorption.

7. Furnish the sequence of reactions in proton cycle nuclear fusion.

8. Give any two advantages of alkaline battery over dry cell.

9. Define refractoriness of a refractory.

10. What are nanomaterials? Mention any two of their characteristic properties.

Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 Marks)

11. (a) (i) How is temporary hardness of water estimated by EDTA method? (8)

(ii) What are the requirements of potable water? How will you purify water for drinking purpose? (8)


11. (b) (i) What are ion exchange resins? How ar e they useful in removing hardness of water? (8)

(ii) What i s desalination? With a neat diagram, describe the ‘reverse osmosis’ method for th e desalination of brackish water. (8)

12. (a) (i) How are the following polymers prepared? (8)

(1) Teflon

(2) Polystyrene

(3) PET

(4) Nylon 6, 6.

(ii) Explain the mechanism of free radical addition polymerization. (8)


12. (b) (i) What is natural rubber? Explain why natural rubber needs vulcanization. How is it carried out? (8)

(ii) What are composites? Give the preparation an d uses of glass fibre rein- forced composites and carbon fibre reinforced composites.(8)

13. (a) (i) Compare physisorption and chemisorption. (8)

(ii) Adsorption of gases on solids is greatly influenced by temperature, pressure and nature of t he adsorbent an d adsorbate. Justify. (8)


13. (b) (i) Describe the role of adsorbents in catalysis with examples.(8)

(ii) How i s th e ion exchange adsorption useful in demineralization of water? Explain. (8)

14. (a) (i) Explain with a neat diagram t he parts and functions of a nuclear reactor. (8)

(ii) Write a note on photovoltaic cell. (8)


14. (b) (i) Explain the working of hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell. (8)

(ii) Write a short note on lithium batteries. (8)

15. (a) (i) How are alumina an d carborundum manufactured? (12)

(ii) What are refractories? How ar e they classified?. (4)


15. (b) (i) What are fluid an d boundary lubrications? Explain. (8)

(ii) What are carbon nanotubes? Explain any three of their important appli- cations. (8)